Chinkuchi: The Unique Power of Uchinandi
By Dan Smith
The Uchinan Chu or Okinawan people use the term “chinkuchi” in
Uchinan gushi (Okinawan language) to describe the power that occurs when
using the mind and body in a spontaneous action creating maximum power
with minimum effort. To achieve “chinkuchi” all of the muscles,
tendons, ligaments, breathing and mental intentions are in perfect coordination
in a single moment of time.
One of the goals of any Okinawan style karate-ka is to achieve “chinkuchi” at
the right moment. It is not possible for all movements to achieve “chinkuchi” due
to the situation but every technique should have the possibility. The
achievement of this unique power of Okinawan karate is accomplished through
the five elements of creating maximum results with minimum effort.
Intention or Zanshin: You must have the correct intention and understanding
of the particular circumstances of the situation. Strategy and tactics
are of extreme importance. Okinawan kata provides the strategy and tactics
to be deployed for multiple situations.
Perfection of Technique: Execution of the kamae, intermediary movement,
and timing and distance are elements that when integrated with perfection
lead to “chinkuchi”. The balance and stability of the postures
are effected by the correct use of shitabara, koshi and jushin.
Fluid Movement: Fluid movement comes from the relaxed use of the body.
The body moves as one without pauses. Breath control and use of the koshi,
shitabara, and jushin are key ingredients to fluid movement.
Speed of Movement: Speed of movement is determined by the acceleration
and velocity of the movement. The transfer of energy from the koshi (hip
area) to the limbs creates the speed of movement and impact of the technique.
Power of Movement: Muscle contraction and snapping of the tendons and
ligaments have to be strong to produce energy to deliver a decisive blow.
The correct posture has to be maintained to allow the energy to be transferred
to the opponent.
This article was reproduced with permission of Dan Smith.
About the Author:
Dan Smith, Kyoshi, is a senior member of the Shorin Ryu Seibutkan. Seibukan
Shorin Ryu is a style of karate developed by Master Zenryo Shimabukuro,
student of the great Master Chotoku Kyan. Smith lived on Okinawa and
has been studying with Zenpo sensei for over 35 years. He is a teacher
and author and frequent online contributor to online martial arts discussion