For the Beginner:
Some Advice On Choosing A Martial Arts School
By Victor Smith and Christopher Caile
Thinking of studying a martial art? Well, the first big decisions are
which art to choose and where to train, As you've probably noticed, there
are many different arts to choose from. Finding the correct art for you
to begin is very important. If their initial experience isn't good, students
often find some other way in which to pass their time. Most people have
one shot to enter the martial arts. If you've decided to begin training,
you want to do everything you can to find the best school and martial
art for you.
First, you want to look around the area where you live and see what schools
are in that area. Look in the Yellow Pages (and your local newspapers)
and see which schools are listed. Then, talk with friends and see who
may have trained in the martial arts, or whose friends or children have
trained in the martial arts. This survey should locate many of the schools
in your area. They may include commercial schools with competitive pricing
structures. However, don't forget clubs with club fees, or local instructors
teaching from churches, schools, Y's or even from their homes. These programs
often charge less since they have less overhead and may still provide
a rewarding experience. On the other hand, small home schools and clubs
do not support their teachers, and thus change of jobs or interest or
other factors affecting the teacher may also affect the continued existence
of the school or class schedule.
Now that you have some idea of local schools, do you have a specific
art in mind? If you want to only train in aikido, judo or a specific style
of karate, is there a school in your area? If not, are you willing to
travel further to find a school in the style you want? Remember, training
is an investment of your time, your body, your mind, your pocketbook,
your friends and your family. To be successful you have to address all
of these factors in your choice.
One of the most important things is to train in a school with the best
available instructor or instructors, where "best" means the
best human being you can find. Technical competence is important, but
this is second to the human qualities of the instructor staff.
Talk to the instructor(s) in question, talk to their students, watch
some classes and form an opinion about what you see. Did you like the
training offered? Do you think you can do it? Don't be put off if it looks
too technically advanced: everyone has to begin and learn at some time.
Advanced practitioners should be able to do things you can't yet do.
Also, pay attention to your feelings. What do the students say about
the school? Does the school project an overall feeling? Find a school
where you feel comfortable with the instructor and the other students.
Among questions you might want to consider are:
1. Does the school's philosophy match your own? For example, if you choose
to study karate, are they teaching karate-do with the emphasis on self-development
and spiritual growth, or does the school concentrate just on winning tournaments?
Tournaments are fun, but there is a lot more in the martial arts to learn.
If you like competition, then select a school that also teaches traditional
2. There is also the question of how the school conducts its classes.
Some schools are informal, without many rules or formal etiquette. Others
are more formal and practice specialized etiquette. At first, the formal
schools may feel a bit uncomfortable, but over time, you will find they
teach values and help you condition your mind.
3. A related question involves the teacher and his or her style. We suggest
looking for a traditional style that is part of a larger organization.
Also, look for a teacher with credentials from a recognized organization.
If the teacher is a 25 year old tenth degree black belt in his own self-created
system, or has high ranks in several different martial arts, watch out.
obtaining a fifth degree black belt in a single art within a recognized
traditional system takes decades of study.
4. Another sign to consider is the number of higher belts and senior students,
which may indicate that the school has something that keeps students around.
If the students are all beginners, that may say something too. In all
likelihood, you will have to go back several times, to make sure you are
getting the full picture of the school.
5. Does the school's training match your current physical abilities?
If you choose karate and the school emphasizes hard freefighting even
for beginners and you are a professional interested in getting some exercise,
you might not wish to take the risk of getting banged up. That would be
a clear sign that another type of school may be better for you. You might
also select a non-competitive art like aikido, or a different type of
competitive art like judo.
6. Look at the school class structure. Does it offer private instruction?
Does it offer same belt classes? Does it offer mixed belt classes? Does
it offer women's only classes? All of these choices appeal to different
individuals, and taking the time to try to find a school which meets your
own goals will help guarantee a successful choice.
There are also many personal questions to answer:
1. How much time can I spend training? Class time and its travel will
take up time during your week. You have to budget that time for training
if you are going to be a successful student. If you have less free time,
you might have to choose a school closer to your home to meet your training
2. How much money can you afford to spend on your training? With rare
exceptions, most schools have attendant costs. There are monthly or program
fees, plus other costs, such as joining the organization, getting your
uniform, belts and promotions. There is a wide discrepancy between the
different schools and styles. In some programs you must commit to a
Specified period of time and sign a contract for expenses over that time.
Other schools may just require you to pay by the month. In any case you
must be able to afford the costs of the program of your choice. It is
important to realize that free instruction does not guarantee good instruction,
nor does expensive instruction guarantee good instruction. The true worth
of the training depends on the instructor, other class members and your
own attitude and perception. But watch out if the school requires a significant
or long-term financial commitment. A one-year contract is not uncommon
but if your only option is a multiyear black belt program, you might consider
3. Do you have any physical problems that may deter your training? When
beginning any physical program, it is a good idea to be checked out by
your physician. This will make you feel good about your health, and provide
a benchmark for future physicals, allowing you and your doctor to chart
physical progress from your training.
4. Are you willing to make the commitment? You must be able to choose
to train over other options, which may present themselves. If you cannot
train on a regular basis, you will find your progress is very slow which
may cause you to drop out. You must be sure you wish to commit yourself
to this training. And, if you are starting to train to achieve specific
goals, you must make an investment of time and effort to achieve them.
5. You must address the time training will require with your family and
friends. They need to understand why you are choosing to spend time, which
will take you away from them. By involving them in the process, you help
avoid future difficulties with them.
Choosing a school and a martial art is not an easy endeavor, and it is
important to make the right choice. A lot of students drop out because
they made a choice that was not right for them. On the other hand, others
find a school or organization to which they feel they truly belong and
make their study a part of their lifestyle.
In every case, the choice to join a school and begin training in the
martial arts is a personal one. Take the time to ask questions, look for
yourself and think it through whether this is training you want to acquire.