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Topic: "Definition of budo"
What is the exact definition to budo? I mean, what martial arts are considered
as budo? Some people say that all Japanese arts are budo- some that only
ju-jutsu, judo and karate belong to "true" budo. I hope you
can sort this out!
Some people use the term Budo to mean any discipline that has for the
practitioner become a way of life. This is too broad a definition since
it is a Japanese word and thus technically relates to Japanese disciplines.
Likewise Chinese fighting arts also have similar generic terms such as
Wushu, Kung Fu and others, that refer collectively to fighting arts from
The word "budo" is the translation of characters used in the
Japanese language (originally adopted from Chinese). "Bu" means
military, or related to the military, or martial. "Do" means
path, way or method. Budo thus refers to post-1600 generations of Japanese
fighting systems based on former arts, but which emphasize "do"
-- personal, ethical and spiritual development as the ultimate goal of
Various Budo Disciplines:
aikido (harmonious meeting and control of energy)
iaido (sword drawaing and cutting))
jodo (short staff)
jujutsu (joint-locks, arm manipulations, chokes & throws)
kyudo (bow and arrow)
naginata-do (long "pole axe," or naginata)
First to evolve was what is known as Classical Budo (or Kobudo) which
in turn provided both the technical basis and spiritual/ethical foundation
for Modern Budo, which includes kendo (sword), judo (throwing/grappling)
and karate-do (strikes/kicks). Modern budo is often characterized by the
inclusion of competitive aspects, but not always, as in the case of aikido
(blending and jujitsu-like techniques). Included too are many jujutsu
systems (which use the term "jutsu" but were developed or modified
in the post-1600 era for civilian needs).
Budo should, however, be understood as distinct from Bujutsu which were
and are (if still practiced) feudal period (pre-1600) fighting disciplines
practiced primarily by professional warriors for battle, such as kenjutsu
(sword arts), kyujutsu (archery arts), and various spear arts (sojusu,