found something interesting, Jim.
when you correlate these known facts, it comes up with some contridictions/coincidences...
in Nagamine's "The Essence of Karate-Do" :
* written and translated to English at or around 1978.
* Nagamine never mentions the term 'tegumi'.
* He only mentions he was in poor health during his entire childhood.
* He never mentions he trained in Judo or Sumo.
* during his sophmore year (2nd year of H.S. or 16 y/o), he develops a serious gastroentric disorder.
* started training at 17 with Chojin Kuba. then Taro Shimabuku, then Ankichi Arakaki. All are Karate teachers.
taking a look at "Tales of Okinawa's Great Masters"
* Translated by Patrick McCarthy. copywrite 2000, by the estate of Shoshin Nagamine. (Nagamine passed away in 1997).
* The forward is not named/signed whose words those are.
* since it's a compilation, it's not clear which parts were directly translated and which parts were added by the translator. ie: Was there a book preceeding the English one authored by Nagamine in Japanese under the same title?
* chapter 14: Okinawan Tegumi. Does not mention he was in ill health as a child. in fact, mentions he was the leader of tegumi among his friends.
* mentions first training as 1923 (16 years old) in Judo. but gives the impression he was also cross-training Judo and Sumo while studying Karate with Arakaki.
Take a look at Mr. McCarthy's website:http://www.koryu-uchinadi.com/thinking_outside_the_box.htm
footnote #44, on his use of the word 'Tegumi':
"#44 Originally a plebeian form of grappling popular during Okinawa’s old Ryukyu Kingdom, McCarthy sensei assigned this defunct name to a collection of two-person trapping, checking and conditioning drills he’s brought together from a variety of sources in 1992."
which is absolutely great. but interesting in a couple of ways:
* to see 'Tegumi' first used as a term associated with Karate training.
* describing it as an old and defunct term. Why would it be 'defunct' if Nagamine suppossedly devoted a chapter to it?
* The timing of 1992 is right around the early stages of the increased interest in grappling via the Gracies vale-tudo.
Isn't that coincidentaly interesting? 'Tegumi' being ressurected in 1992, but forgotten by Nagamine in 1978, then suddenly recalled by Nagamine (or his translators) in 2000?
Thats the coincidental part...here's the interesting part:
The translator was the same who resurrected the term 'Tegumi'.
things that make you go, hmmmm....